Strictly speaking, stunt kites have been around since 1941, when a steerable diamond design was first flown. However, they started to become more well known and available to the public in the early 70s and onwards.
The photo shows a couple of highly maneuverable 4-line or 'quad' kites being flown by a display team. You can tell by the tails that a moment ago the kites were barreling along in opposite directions!
Most modern 2-line stunters are durable, fast and capable of tracing out precise patterns in the air. See below!
In smooth winds, even a child can have some fun trying to keep the
kite off the ground. With much extra practice comes the ability to do
Like to see a video clip? Just scroll down to near the end...
Types Of Stunt Kites
Many different types of aerial stunters have been designed, put together and flown, but there are 4 main groups.
- 2 line deltas (they are everywhere!)
- 2 line diamonds (like the famous Peter Powell design)
- 2 line parafoils (seen these soft stunters down at the beach?)
- 4 line kites (also called 'quad kites')
Single stringers will never go out of
fashion though. They definitely have their own attractions and their own
uses. So many designs are available now, just go to a kite festival and
Some can fly really high, others are incredibly complex and ingenious and yet others are breath-taking works of art.
2 Line Delta Stunt Kites
... are inspired by the very earliest of
hang-glider designs, like the Standard Rogallo. Just like the big
man-carrying kite, a typical Delta stunt kite has a main spar and 2
leading edge spars with fabric stretched between them. One, two or even
three horizontal spreaders are also used to keep the kite's shape.
shape is vaguely triangular, with some designs looking more bird-like
with swept wings. The 2 lines allow the Delta to be steered left and
right when up in the air. That means, with practice and a bit of skill,
you can make the kite fly just about any pattern you like.
The more serious fliers like to use Spectra line for controlling these kites, due to the material's low stretch and high strength. In precision flying contests, many of the 'figures' consist of straight lines joined by sharp turns at the corners.
2 Line Diamond Stunt Kites
... are very similar to the Deltas in
how they are steered. They look like the traditional kid's diamond kite
that used to be made from a couple of sticks and any sort of paper that
came to hand. Can you relate to that kind of kite flying?
remember having a lot of fun as a kid, making terribly heavy and
inefficient diamond kites! But it was fun. Plus some string and bits of
cloth for the tail. Yes, most diamonds need a tail for a bit of
stability. Some are designed to fly without a tail.
A famous early steerable Diamond was the Peter Powell Stunt Kite. These came with a super-long inflatable tail for extra spectacle.
You can read some very interesting stories from the man himself in my interview with Peter Powell. And his sons, who re-launched the brand in 2014!
We later wrote up our experience of unpacking, rigging and flying a new PP MkIII. This review is a useful read if you are considering getting one. In addition, you can have a browse through these archived blog posts in which we flew the PP MkIII.
Finally, check out this U.K. perspective by an experienced kite flier who was right there during the PP Kite craze of the 70's!
2 Line Parafoil Stunt Kites
... are a development of the original parafoil kite which was invented in the early 60s.
most kites which have single surface sails, the parafoil has an upper
and a lower surface. That original parafoil was also the inspiration for
full-size man-carrying paragliders. How's that for an influential idea!
Like paragliders, dual line parafoils keep their shape by the
air ramming into the holes along the front edge. After the wind
inflates the soft stunter for take-off, it stays pressurized during flight,
holding its thick wing shape.
4 Line Quad Kites
... look a bit like 2 kites joined side to side.
They have an extra 2 lines which allow a whole new range of maneuvers.
Tricks like 'axis spins' and 'hover' become possible with a bit of
no, you don't need 4 arms to fly one, since there are 2 lines attached
to each of 2 handles! As well as steering the kite left and right, you
can alter how 'nose-high' the kite sits in the air as well. It's like
being able to adjust the bridle while the kite is still in the air!
If stunt kites are the aerobatic planes of kite flying, these quads could be called the aerobatic helicopters!
So much can be done with these kinds of kites, and so many people are having fun flying them. More officially they are called sport kites. Down at the beach is a popular place to fly, with the wide open spaces and smooth breezes.
Are you are thinking about buying a cheap stunt kite for the first time, just to give it a try? If so, we have written up our first sport kite experience like a review. You might find it a semi-interesting read! That page turned out to be a one-off, for quite a while, until we received the PP MKIII.
flying used to be a very laid-back, relaxing thing to do. Even a bit
boring for some. But these days it's not unusual to hear words like
'addicting' or 'adrenaline rush' when talking about flying stunt kites!
"Love the easy to understand step by step instructions, made from next to nothing materials and above all so much fun to fly... cheers Tim for sharing your well thought out pdf kite designs with the whole world. Very satisfying making your own and watching them get air-born for the first time."
"I decided to run kite making as an elective again on this camp in the past week - so I bought all your e-books, a bunch of materials, and then took a group of 10 high school students through making the kites over 4 days. We built a diamond, a Barn Door, a Delta, and two skew delta kites. Again - every single kite flew."
Here's a few miscellaneous topics...
My short history of stunters will interest you if you are after more detail in that direction.
Doing kite stunts, perfecting them and learning new ones can be a lot of fun for anyone who owns stunt kites. It takes care of that urge to fly something! Like an aerobatics display at an air show, it's also fun to just watch others fly.
A long tubular tail traces out the movement of this 2-line Delta
Stunt Kites in Action
Curious as to what shapes or figures can actually be done with a
stunt kite? Well, if it's your kite you can do anything you like of
course. Carve any interesting shape in the air and then try to do it
again, exactly the same.
Will anyone ever get around to
compiling a monster list containing every stunt in every list that's
been published on the web, or in a book? I doubt it, but personally I
think it would be fun to learn just a few basic figures then make up a
whole lot more original ones! Maybe publish your own list one day.
Not surprisingly, over the years some keen people have organized kite flying competitions and displays.
At various public events you can see one person, a pair or even an
8-member team put on a dazzling display of fast, precision kite flying.
Kite festivals are a sure place to see something like this.
During his lifetime, Ray Bethell,
the 'Multi-Kite World Champion', was extremely well known for his
mesmerizing sport-kite performances at major kite festivals around the
world. He held numerous sport kite records and titles.
Ray flew 3
steerable kites, or even 3 stacks of kites, simultaneously. Ray also
produced 2 short movies which showcased his amazing flying skills: 'Good
Stuff' and 'Romancing the Wind'.
Much like an aerobatics
competition for model planes or the real thing, kite competitions
involve flying a standard set of figures. As well, there is sometimes a
section where the flyer can exercise a bit of creativity in time with
music. A kite ballet! Ballet? That's the official term that's crept in,
but not everyone likes it!
In the photo, a Delta stunt kite circles around, with a single-line Delta in the background.
Two Deltas - a dual-line and a single-line
To sum up where stunt kite design is today, let's just say all the basic types are still around. Deltas, Diamonds, Parafoils and Quads.
once mainly fiberglass from the fishing equipment manufacturers, have
become lighter, stronger and stiffer. These days fiberglass and carbon
fiber are reserved for the less expensive kites for beginners. Wrapped
graphite, titanium and niobium lightweight metal are the materials of
choice for the more expensive high-performance kites. Tapered wrapped
graphite was the very latest thing in early 2008.
Kite sails were once made from spinnaker nylon, handy for its tear-resistant rip-stop
construction. These days, even lighter grades of rip-stop nylon are
used. As well, there are newer kite sail materials called CarringtonTM
Lines of cotton, nylon or Dacron are still
used for most single-line kites, since it's cheap and stretch doesn't
matter much. These materials are still usable for today's multi-line
sport kites. However, Kevlar with its low stretch makes for better
control with a more positive feel. The ultimate material for strength
and low stretch is Spectra, which is popular with the real experts.
The trick kite is a particular kind of Delta stunter which has become popular.
This opens up a
whole different kind of stunt flying, which has less emphasis on flying
large shapes in the air.
Instead, the kite is made to flip, spin,
stall, land and do other 'tricks' both on and off the ground. Just take a look at the video, if you follow that link up there.