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2-Skewer Rokkaku Kite
Rok Over the Roof
It had been a stinking hot couple of days. In fact, the hottest start to Autumn since records began...
Earlier yesterday, fresh gusty winds had whipped around the yard while we had the house closed up to keep the cool air in. However, with the sun nearing the horizon, things had calmed down a lot. It was time to venture out with a light-wind kite!
MBK 2-Skewer Rokkaku
A 2-Skewer Rokkaku was close at hand, hanging on the wall. I chose
this over the 2-Skewer Delta since the rok had an edge in safety and
predictability in tight situations. Outside there really wasn't much
breeze at all and launching proved tricky. After a few multi-second hops
just past gutter-height it was time to get a bit more serious about
getting some air-time...
Placing the kite against the retaining wall
at the narrow end of our property, I managed to climb out with only a
meter or 2 to spare from obstacles on each side. The flight was all too
brief, despite getting perhaps 15 meters (50 feet) of line out over the
roof tiles. It was just dead up there! With no pressure in the sail to
produce the characteristic graceful bends of all the spars, the rok was
not particularly well-behaved either. Perhaps the delta would have been
more stable after all.
One or 2 more launches were successfully
conducted in this way, but the flights were all rather short. Going by
the barking, a dog must have noticed the kite, from a yard several
houses down the street. It's happened before.
showed up a tendency for the rok to glide forward on it's face during
calm periods. A bridle adjustment helped to keep the kite sitting back
where it belonged, but it was looking a tad nose-heavy.
inside, I removed the somewhat overdone insulation tip-tapes of the
upper horizontal spar and replaced them with lighter sticky tape. For
good measure, I added extra insulation tape on the lower horizontal spar
tips and over the tail corner. All that should shift the balance point
back a little!
But that was that. After returning outside again, all trace of air movement was gone. A common occurrence around sunset...
On this site, there's more kite-making info than you can poke a stick at :-) Want to know the most convenient way of using it all?
The Big MBK E-book Bundle is a collection of downloads - printable PDF files which provide step-by-step instructions for many kites large and small.
Every kite in every MBK series.
Skewer Rok Strains
It was the 2-Skewer Rokkaku kite, to be precise. A cool breeze was gusting well into the Moderate range...
this occasion the flying field was a small open space next to a BMX
track. Have a guess who got a bike for Christmas (Aren!) ... anyway ...
the bright orange rokkaku stayed up on just several meters of line,
while anchored under the carry-bag. A large bushy tree just upwind made
things interesting by blocking much of the breeze. But the kite caught
enough air, and often enough, to remain in flight.
Moving the bag and
winder cross-wind for several meters, I let the kite up on perhaps 20
meters (60 feet) of line for a while. Here, out of the lee of the tree,
the breeze was more constant. Still, Moderate strength gusts powered
through every half a minute or so.
The small rok was at it's limits
during the peak of some gusts, which curved all the spars in a
pronounced way. It was a good demonstration of how sheer wind speed can
lower line angle due to drag forces predominating over the lift being
generated. The rokkaku was forced, tail-first, down to just 20 or 30
degrees of line angle at these times. Remember, this is a kite that
likes to go right overhead from time to time. In fact, it still did that
today - during lulls!
After this, some more line was let out which
allowed the kite to soar around several tree-heights above the dusty
ground. Various birds noticed and a small flock flew past just to take a
look. And then a lone galah buzzed me as I tried to capture it on
Shortly after this, when winding in line to bring the kite
down, there was a brief gust to 26kph. The average had been sitting
around 17kph, according to the wind meter.
It had been a while since
the 2-Skewer Rokkaku had been tested in such a stiff breeze, but it came
through with no damage. Bamboo is wonderful stuff!
Rok In Rough Air
Once again the boy was keen to take out his quad-copter and once again I took out the 2-Skewer Rokkaku kite...
This time there was no shortage of wind. We were flying just downwind
of a small stand of trees which had been planted as saplings some years
before. Tsk tsk people keep eroding our inland kite-flying spaces don't
they. Schools, councils, they're all at it ;-)
Even well above
tree height, the little Rok bounced around in active air. Sometimes
pulling strongly, at other times suddenly falling flat on it's face and
drifting downward. A prolonged surge right overhead confirmed that the
mayhem was thermal-induced. Perhaps that small stand of trees was
helping to kick off parcels of rising air so close to where we were
flying. The Rok was only on 100 feet or so of 20 pound Dacron.
took a few videos which will probably suffer a bit from having a
completely blue background. A few clouds would have really highlighted
the motion of the kite!
Somewhat to my surprise, Aren volunteered
to fly the Rok for a while and he also helped to bring it down. I guess a
flat battery in the quad-copter helped. Boredom sets in quickly with 12
There are a few cooler and cloudier Spring days coming
now, so it was good to get the Rok (and the boy!) out in the sun for
Rokking In Nearly Zero Wind
Last weekend my boy was keen to take out his quad-copter, so I tagged along with the 2-Skewer Rokkaku kite...
We chose a grassy patch that attracts the occasional parent(s) with young children. Of the human or furry variety. However, with the play equipment situated near one end it was quite a practical location at which to fly.
Despite the little Rok's great light-wind performance, there really was very little up there. Tows on a long line would find the occasional puff that would suspend the kite for a few seconds. Before the inevitable downwards drift resumed. When the 20 pound Dacron went very slack, the kite was prone to enter a shallow nose-dive, sail edges rippling as it went. A few quick gathers of the line would then raise the nose and halt the dive. But then further pulling-in was needed to keep the kite in a flying attitude - but coming down all the while.
So, there were a number flights of that nature...
Some flights utilized almost the whole length of the available space, but all to no avail. If anything, the breeze had died even further after we had been there half an hour or so!
Launches were done by simply dragging the kite off the grass, on full line length. With the kite off-center, the dihedral angle would let the sail catch some air and cause the kite to lift off nearly parallel to the ground. After that, the natural stability of the Rok would quickly straighten it up into a vertical climb.
Oh well, it turned out to be a light-wind-handling skill-building session. However, for Aren's toy-grade quad-copter, conditions couldn't have been better...
The Rok, The Pelican And The Ice Crystals
Another dusted-off 2-Skewer kite took to the air yesterday afternoon...
The air was almost still at times, as moderately strong thermals drifted through every few minutes. My son Aren (who insisted I mention that he's almost 12 now) took advantage of the relatively light winds down low with his quad-copter. Meanwhile, I ruled the upper altitudes with the 2-Skewer Rokkaku.
Initially, the light-weight Rok had trouble staying up with the breeze gusting to around the middle of the Light range. However, working those modest gusts eventually led to getting more line out and the kite up to over 150 feet off the grass. Or should I say weeds, at this particular field. It was sheer flying pleasure after that...
The small bright orange Rok soared effortless around at steep line angles. The sides of the sail outline would curve inwards from time to time in response to higher wind speeds.
Around this time I noticed a subtle rainbow surrounding the sun. A phenomenon caused by sunlight refracting though high-altitude ice crystals. To top it off, there was also a high-altitude pelican, soaring nonchalantly within the rainbow. The distant wing shape was tiny but unmistakable.
The prevailing breeze was very light but the thermals were certainly tugging at the kite. During one video, I panned from a car traveling along next to the field to where the flying line started it's upward arc. From there I panned up and up and up... Crikey - the kite's gone vertical! There it was, on 60 meters (200 feet) of 20 pound Dacron, pulling firmly but unsure which way was up.
So, not the most ordinary of outings.
Re-Designed 2-Skewer Rokkaku Rockets Up
I say 'redesigned' but this Rok is almost identical to the original one, to look at. The main reason for making another one was to update the How To ... instructions on the website. The new instructions are significantly simpler than the old ones, and provide more fool-proof help with doing the bridle lines.
This morning appeared to be a good opportunity to fly this Rok before winds strengthen over the next few days. Even so, the 2-Skewer Barn Door was also taken along, as a back up!
To my horror, the Rokkaku initially just spun around, completely unstable. Ooops, this design has already been published! But then, with a little adjustment of the bridle, I managed to get the kite a few meters up and it settled down.
Without the bow-line of the original design, the Rok was behaving like a fighter kite when under very light wind pressure. Just a few extra kph of airflow had the effect of putting a little extra dihedral in the lower horizontal spars. There is something to be said for 3-leg bridles on Rokkakus! Then the magic started to happen.
The breeze was cold and gusty down low but relatively smooth higher up. The weather was sunny with clouds here and there but convection seemed fairly mild. The little 2-Skewer Rokkaku flew smoothly and high with no hint of instability. A few minutes were spent on 30 meters (100 feet) of line. Then 60 meters (200 feet) and finally 90 meters (300 feet) of line.
Way up high on a tight 20-pound line, the bright orange Rokkaku behaved itself impeccably, showing off great performance, stability and wind range! Even as the wind speed started to edge higher around 20 kph, the kite just distorted evenly and settled out a little lower. Not wanting to push it any further, I started winding in.
Within 40 feet or so of the ground, the Rok started spinning this way and that in the slower rougher air. Not the easiest kite to bring right in to your hand!
The wind meter registered an average of 3.1kph near the ground with gusts to 11.5kph. The very firm pull on the line told a different story at 250 feet above the grass.
2-Skewer Rokkaku Handling Gusts
Another brief but enjoyable session while shopping was taking place at another location ;-) The 2-Skewer Rokkaku was pulled out this time, since the breeze didn't seem excessive in strength. After flying the kite around on a short line near one edge of a school oval, it was decided to move further out. The air was just too rough, due to some rather tall and leafy trees upwind!
With perhaps 15 or 20 meters (60 feet) of line out, and anchored to my shoe, the 60cm (2ft) span kite flew all over the place. The breeze was gusty and pushing over 25kph at times. Quite a test for the Rok which does best in light winds. But it was coping.
Due to the warm weather there was a bit of trouble with old bits of electrical tape coming off at the spar tips, but I just squeezed them back on and kept flying. The Rokkaku kite, in traditional dimensions, is an amazingly stable tail-less kite. It will stay up all day on a long line in light winds. Or moderate winds, if built a little heavier.
Checking the wind meter which I had parked on a log fence, it had registered an average of 11kph gusting to 24kph. Pretty ideal for most kites, if a little on the strong side for most of my light-wind designs!
Big Sled, Little Rok
There was a window of only half an hour or so to get out and fly something in the late afternoon. 6 year old Aren actually volunteered to fly too. Although he features on a number of pages on this site, he hasn't been a keen kiter in recent times. His Mum's smart phone has its attractions you see! Anyway...
Out at the school reserve, the Southerly was fairly unobstructed. No tall trees on the upwind side of the field. This was good for the Dowel Sled, which is very picky about the air it flies in. Aren had the 2-Skewer Rokkaku on a 20 pound line, while I flew the Sled on the 50 pound line.
Aren was soon complaining about the line pull on the Rok. Although smooth, the breeze was gusting up close to moderate strength at times, up around 100 feet off the grass. This was pushing the Rok fairly hard. Mind you, Aren has ample strength now to handle a kite of this size.
Meanwhile, the Sled was having mixed success. Just like the re-designed 2-Skewer Sled some days ago, the wind strength was just a little too much for it while it was at its highest line angles. The bamboo skewer taped down the center-line was doing a great job preventing the leading edge from collapsing, the rest of the time.
Near the ground, the wind meter recorded an average of 4.3 kph and a max gust of 12.2 kph. Not much turbulence perhaps, but it sure was gusty!
Wet Wok Wallows Then Wises Willingly
A bit of Elmer J. Fudd there... Anyway, in clearer English - the 2-Skewer Rokkaku kite got a bit damp on the grass but rose willingly enough in the end. Puffs of 10kph air were traversing the reserve every few minutes. In between, it was hard for even this light-wind design to stay up long enough for a short video.
Eventually, with quite a bit more line out, the small Rokkaku rose high and dried off nicely in the bright sunshine. Hovering a short distance from the tree it was anchored to, the kite flew around sedately at a steep line angle. As usual, particularly in this location, the breeze aloft was much more consistent than at head height.
Hovering Rok In Smooth Beach Breeze
Down at Christies Beach, we found a patch of dry sand which provided ample space over which to fly. Holding the wind meter at shoulder height, it registered around 9.5kph gusting to just over 11kph. Fairly smooth, as was expected since the wind was coming from across the ocean.
Just like the Roller yesterday, a few small pieces of tape were required to secure some of the spar tips to the sail. This kite hadn't been flown for quite a while either!
With the breeze so very smooth, it was possible to take some video on only 4 or 5 meters (15 feet) of line. This kite has never been recorded in such clarity before. I'll be posting it on FB of course ;-)
A couple more videos were taken on 10 meters (35 feet) of line, before I let it out to well over 30 meters (100 feet).
In the process of letting line out and re-climbing the kite, it became clear that it was slightly out of trim...
At low line angles, with more strain on the sail, the Rok leaned over and drifted far to the left. As the line angle became steeper, and line tension eased, the kite smoothly righted itself and continued to climb straight up. This pattern happened several times as I let the line out in stages. Never mind, a small tweak of the upper sliding knot of the bridle should be all it needs.
One of the leaning episodes took the kite far too close to the esplanade and its traffic. So I had no choice but to pull in very quickly to clear the road. This forced the kite down onto the embankment. Fortunately, it was possible, during a slight lull, to pull the kite off and into the air again. No damage done.
After packing up, another wind check revealed it had moderated down to 7kph, gusting to 9kph. Ultra-smooth beach flying makes a change from the somewhat less predictable experience of flying inland!
Rok Rose Reluctantly
And then descended back to the wet clover, after failing to stay up on almost 60m (200 feet) of damp 20 pound Dacron line. It was worth a try since this kite will stay up on almost nothing. Only trouble was, there was slightly less than 'almost nothing' by the time we had walked up to the vacant block!
Palm fronds, normally a good indicator of wind speeds under 5 kph, were barely moving. Not a good sign at all. And it seems that light conditions in the very late afternoon usually just get lighter still. 'Glassing off' as some call it, which is probably a reference to the appearance of water in nil wind. One giant mirror!
Initially, I had launched on shorter lengths, only to find the line getting shorter and shorter as I took the necessary action to keep the kite flying. Sometime launching directly off a clump of clover and at other times getting Aren to point the nose up just prior to launching. When left to its own devices, the kite would rock rapidly as one side then the other would stop flying in the insufficient airflow. All the while, losing height.
The little Rok also spent a good amount of time just gliding around on a slack line. Perhaps the dampness of the line wasn't helping, the extra weight pulling the kite's nose down more than usual while flat on it's face.
Anyway, I had a bit of fun doing saves just a meter or so from the ground. It was a bit like handling a fighter kite, requiring a firm pull just when the nose swung through vertical.
See, you can still get some enjoyment even when there is - as by-standers are fond of saying - 'not enough wind'!
High Tow, No Go
Well, it wasn't a complete flop with the 2-Skewer Rokkaku, but moving air was hard to find.
The Winter Solstice is approaching down here, meaning the days are
short. Out at a nearby park around 5pm, the skies had started to darken.
Tree top leaves were barely moving, which wasn't a good sign. A better
sign was a clump of low cloud scudding past at around 2000 ft. Too bad
it's illegal to fly up there with a kite!
After a couple of
tows to around 100ft off the grass, it was clear that even a great
little light-wind kite like the 2-Skewer Rokkaku just wasn't going to
stay up for even 2 minutes. But then things got interesting...
a final attempt, and fully expecting a floating-leaf-like descent to
ground, I did a tow up using almost the full diagonal length of the
field. Sure enough, after topping out at over 200 feet altitude, the Rok
started to descend in floating-leaf fashion. However, after losing
perhaps 50 feet, the descent halted and the kite hung motionless for
half a minute or so.
The field has a gentle downward slope on
one side, and as I moved back and took some line in, the kite was
approaching the slope. Could it be that some very subtle slope lift was
keeping the kite up? Possibly! I used to fly slope lift in sailplanes in
younger days. Anyway, it eventually became necessary to keep hauling
line in and the bright orange Rok ended up on the damp grass a minute or
So, there was some semi-satisfying flying after all!
The story or stories above document actual flying experiences.
My write-ups are definitely warts-and-all since things don't always go totally as planned. However, half the fun of kiting is anticipating the perfect flight. When it happens, it's magic!
As mentioned earlier, there's more kite-making info here than you can poke a stick at :-)
Want to know the most convenient way of using it all?
The Big MBK E-book Bundle is a collection of downloads - printable PDF files which provide step-by-step instructions for many kites large and small...
Every kite in every MBK series.