These two kites were an experiment in using three bamboo skewers end to end
instead of just two. Both designs flew very well and were exceptional in
very light to light winds.
These 3-Skewer kite posts once appeared in the site blog page, although that page is no longer present. Just scroll down and stop at any heading that appeals, below :-)
3-Skewer A-Frame Kite
3-Skewer A-Frame Torture Test
Although the winds
were gusting to quite fresh strengths, I decided to pull out the A-frame
kite anyway, to do a final check of its behavior when pushed to the
MBK 3-Skewer A-Frame
A short flight on just 10 meters (35 feet) or so of line confirmed
that a much more forward towing point might be a good idea! After
shifting the Prusik knot toward the nose by a good couple of centimeters (1 inch),
the upper bridle-loop had a distinctly swept-forward look when all the
lines were tight.
For the lightest conditions, the two upper legs of
the bridle come away from the kite at roughly right-angles, when viewed
from the side.
Well, the kite went up and still got driven back
down to low line angles during the strongest gusts. However, it seemed
noticeably more stable with the forward towing point. The wind twirled
the tail into a tight tube for most of its length, making it less
effective. Yet the kite pointed straight up most of the time—including
during some extreme air pressure treatment!
The A-Frame kite suffered but did not break, side panels fluttering loudly in the breeze. All three spars were bending noticeably.
let out about 50 meters of line for a while and watched the kite soar
up high in lulls and get driven down—tail first—during gusts. This is the
reverse of what usually happens with kites! Looking at the wind meter
after packing up, the breeze had peaked at 23 kph near the ground, with
an average speed of 8.8 kph. But there will be no more torture tests for
this 3-Skewer A-Frame kite. It's a dream to fly in light winds and
On this site, there's more kite-making info than you can poke a stick at :-) Want to know the most convenient way of using it all?
The Big MBK E-book Bundle is a collection of downloads—printable PDF files which provide step-by-step instructions for many kites large and small.
Every kite in every MBK series.
3-Skewer A-Frame Soars in the Sun
A rare sunny day with moderate winds provided another opportunity to get out with the 3-Skewer A-Frame again. I was hoping for some fresh-strength breeze to really push the kite hard and give an opportunity to trim it properly.
First, I let the kite out at about 30 degrees of line angle. For fun, I let the line out just fast enough to hold the kite at around 30 degrees—all the way out to 60 meters (200 feet) of line. Then, I stopped and the A-Frame rose to around 45 degrees.
The stronger gusts kept bending the kite and pushing it down to lower line angles, so I brought it back down by anchoring the line and walking out with the line slipping through one hand. The towing point was easily shifted forward by a centimeter or so (half inch) by sliding the Prusik knot and then locking it again in the new position.
This time, the kite was much more comfortable and rose right up to 60 or 70 degrees—even after letting out another 60 meters (200 feet) of line!
For 15 minutes or so I just enjoyed seeing the 3-Skewer A-Frame flying steadily at high altitude, the loop tail rippling just slightly in the breeze. The orange plastic was brightly illuminated by the late afternoon sun from behind. There was no sign of leaning, strangely, despite the good moderate airflow at that height. Perhaps unwinding the tail to its original state had made quite a difference. I couldn't complain!
On the ground, the wind meter recorded an average strength of 5 kph and a maximum gust of 14 kph. Toward the end of the flight, the fresh gusts had died down quite a bit. As a result, the kite hung lower from time to time during lulls.
3-Skewer A-Frame Over the Street
I got a bit daring just before sundown last night by letting the 3-Skewer A-Frame right out to 60 meters (200 feet) from our side lawn. There it was, hanging over the street in the dusk, floating about in the cool light breeze. There were no power lines anywhere close, I should add.
Well, wouldn't you know it, the breeze freshened a bit more, and the kite started the dreaded lean-to-the-right... (Yet more trimming tape was required on the other wingtip, evidently.)
After a few tense minutes of winding in at every hint of a lull, the kite finally came safely over our property, then over our roof, then into my hand. Phew! All's well that ends well.
Slope-Soaring the Roof at Sunset
Yes, it's another one of those backyard kite-flying reports! Just on impulse, less than half an hour before sunset, I went out to the side lawn with the 3-Skewer A-Frame kite hooked up to our 20-pound line. A light breeze was rustling the tops of the bushes and small trees. Just occasionally, a small puff would find its way through the yard lower down, despite the solid fences and walls on all sides.
A few tries were required but eventually the A-Frame kite popped up above gutter level and caught enough breeze to continue up.
What followed was a flight which required constant attention but was pleasant enough anyway—fun, even! The main obstacle was the TV antenna, which could be avoided by moving the tether-point (me) side to side across the lawn. Also, when it was clear that the wind strength was not going to overpower the kite, I let some more line out so the kite was just a lot higher than the antenna.
The wind was gusty as usual, so the kite often found itself floating just over the tiles during lulls. This was a little tricky, since the air was generally slower down there anyway. A hasty pull-in to climb back to faster air was often required. The exception was when I was able to position the kite right in the slope-lift region of the roof. The direction of the roof's ridge line wasn't ideal, but it seemed enough to give the kite a bit of a boost.
As the sun sank further, the wind died down, and it became impossible to keep the bright-orange A-frame up there. Soon, it had to be pulled all the way in to a hand catch over the lawn. Carrying it back to the shed, I noticed the sky turning to the intense pinks and reds of an Adelaide summer sunset.
Perfect Weather Ruins Experiment
Let me clarify a bit... It seemed the breeze outside might have been gusting just enough to push the 3-Skewer A-Frame kite close to its limits. This was good since I wanted to try something.
The A-Frame has a rather short upper bridle-loop so I had initially ignored the possibility of trimming the kite straight with the upper sliding knot. But today I thought why not at least give it a try. If the amount of adjustment available proves to be enough, there would be no need for that ugly tail-let out on the tip!
To cut a full flying session short, the wind speed proved to be just perfect for the kite today. The darned thing flew straight as a die even without the tail-let in place! It was a perfectly pleasant flight on 60 meters (200 feet) of 20-pound Dacron. The A-Frame kite did loop a few times, but that had more to do with the loop tail being a bit rolled up and ineffective than with any lack of trim. In other words, the kite looped in both directions, at random.
Aren had a bit of fun with the original 2-Skewer Diamond, which has been bequeathed to him now.
Just before returning home, the wind meter was held shoulder-high for a couple of minutes; it indicated a 5.8 kph average with gusts to 12.5 kph. That's a perfect kite-flying breeze for light-wind designs!
3-Skewer A-Frame Great in Light Winds
This kite is one of three bonus kite-designs planned for the Making Skewer Kites e-book. As such, the instructions won't be available on the website. As a natural progression up from the 2-skewer designs, these three kites use three bamboo skewers end-to-end as the basic building unit. That's just over twice the sail area of similar 2-Skewer Series kites.
I actually had a couple of sessions with the A-Frame today. The first was on only 30 or 40 meters (100 feet+) of line, in very light air. Despite only making a 45 degree line angle, this flight enabled me to get some good photos and video. The kite flies smoothly on its four-leg bridle, as you would expect, and starts to rock slightly when there is hardly enough air pressure to keep it up.
The horizontal spar flexes noticeably if you tug the line, giving the kite a spongy feel not unlike a delta—but without delta vertical acceleration.
The next session saw the kite rise easily to just under 400 feet, again in very light air. It looked quite photogenic up there, the bright-orange panels illuminated or in shadow from the late-afternoon sun. The black-plastic looped tail hung down almost motionless.
The 20-pound line was just perfect for this lightweight A-frame kite. On this flight, it had a bit of thermal help, boosting it up to high line-angles. At no time was there much tension in the line. It's just a great light-wind kite!
3-Skewer Sled Kite
3-Skewer Sled Trims Nicely
In an earlier outing, moving
the bridle knot didn't seem to do much. So today, with breezier
conditions, I tried an experiment with a little air-bucket taped to the
trailing edge, on one side.
MBK 3-Skewer Sled
With the kite in the air, it still
seemed to loop right in stronger gusts so there was no option—shift
the knot a lot further and see what happens! This was quite fortunate
since the knot shifting worked very well. However it was somewhat
counter-intuitive since to correct a loop to the right I had to shift
the knot in the same direction. For most flat kites it's the opposite.
toying with the knot position and seeing the 3-Skewer Sled veer off
obediently in either direction, I used two or three short flights to get the
knot position close to perfect. The air bucket wasn't needed so I got
rid of it. Then, up the sled went in moderate-strength wind. It went right up to
some pretty steep flying angles I'm happy to report! The breeze was
cool and gusty but there was no trouble with collapses.
the wind meter at shoulder height for half a minute, it registered an
average of 11 kph, gusting to 21 kph. It must have been gusting into the
high 20s up at 150 feet but the 3-Skewer Sled was quite comfortable.
Then I started letting more line out.
there was trouble after that, when one of the top corner spar-caps
ripped out. Never mind, some extra reinforcement with packing tape will
fix that. The mod should allow the kite to fly reliably over the whole
moderate wind-range—from 18 kph right up into the high 20s. The towing
points were showing no signs of strain at all.
3-Skewer Sled Collapse-Proof and Efficient
a gusty light breeze and sun peeking through outside, it seemed an
ideal time to test the new 3-Skewer Sled. 3 mm skewers were unavailable
in the shops, but the 4 mm ones are probably quite ideal for this
3-Skewer design and others which will follow.
The kite has nine skewers in total, plus some short reinforcement pieces.
However, each spar is approximately three skewer-lengths long, hence the
A photo was
taken with the kite on only a few meters of line, brightly lit by the
sun. Letting out line to over 30 meters (100 feet) was easy, although
lulls sent the sled back toward the grass from time to time. More
photos were taken this time, and a few videos. So far, so good!
Due to the ample width of the skewers, hence a bit more weight, this
kite didn't soar on the very lightest puffs of wind. Who cares, since most of
my 2-Skewer Series kites are good for that, with their 3 mm or even 2.5 mm width
The tailless 3-Skewer Sled
kite waggles slowly left/right under low air-pressure, but settles
down to steady flight as the wind speed comes up further. This kite
seems to sit at around 50 or perhaps 55 degrees from the horizontal when
the wind strength is ideal.
Soon I had
the line out to just over 100 meters (300 feet) and the 3-Skewer Sled
proved very reliable compared to most 2-stickers I have flown. There was not one
collapse and not even much billowing in and out, despite some roughness
in the air. It does seem to pull a little to the right, but a small
bridle adjustment should fix that.
the cold late-afternoon setting, the bright-orange sled briefly floated
right up to 70 degrees or more in a patch of rising air. Nice!
kite is a perfect match for 20-pound Dacron line, pulling it almost
straight much of the time, yet without a risky amount of tension.
near the ground, the wind meter showed an average of 3.4 kph and a
maximum gust of 12 kph. A thought crossed my mind—why bother with
two-stick sleds at all. The historical three-spar Allison Sled with its sloped
side-spars was really an inspired concept!
Two Skewer Sleds Tested to the Limit
was blowing quite a bit outside, but I thought it might be instructive
to take out both the 2-Skewer and 3-Skewer Sleds and see how they
Down at a nearby school
oval, the 2-Skewer Sled went up first. Some days ago I had removed some
area along the centerline of the kite, bringing the spars slightly
closer together. To cut a longer story short, the kite behaved similarly
as before. However, this time it seemed almost immune to leading edge
collapses through sheer speed, when gusts would force it to fly very
fast in the direction it happened to be pointing. That was good!
it still had a strong tendency to collapse when it reached high line-angles while under high line-tension. Perhaps that's not too much of a
problem since it is supposed to be a fairly light-wind kite after all.
It just needs to be flown in more suitable conditions.
it was out with the 3-Skewer Sled. Within seconds of getting it to around 50
feet, an almighty gust caused one side spar to bow alarmingly out to one
side. The spar caps at each end managed to hold. I've never seen that
before, but it was a clear indication that taping the middle of each
sled spar to the sail is a very good idea! That's been done now, and
I'll be updating all the relevant instructions.
ground level and in a somewhat sheltered position, the wind meter had
recorded an average of 6.6 kph with gusts to 22 kph. Perhaps that was closer to 30 kph at
around 200 feet. With such hairy flying going on, there hadn't
been an opportunity to let out much more line than that! I must be nice to
these sleds from now on.
The story or stories above document actual flying experiences.
My write-ups are definitely "warts and all" since things don't always go totally as planned. However, half the fun of kiting is anticipating the perfect flight. When it happens, it's magic!
As mentioned earlier, there's more kite-making info here than you can poke a stick at :-)
Want to know the most convenient way of using it all?
The Big MBK E-book Bundle is a collection of downloads—printable PDF files which provide step-by-step instructions for many kites large and small.