The tetrahedron kite is rather unique in the kiting world, as you will see. The tetrahedron is a 4-sided 3-dimensional shape, where each side is a triangle. If you make such a rigid structure from sticks or rods, then cover any 2 sides with sail material, you have the basic building block for this type of cellular kite.
The photo on the right shows a configuration using 64 such building-blocks, or cells. That kite was made and flown by a pair of U.K. enthusiasts known as the The Tetrahedron Flyers.
The smallest practical design uses 4 cells, joined at the corners to form an even bigger tetrahedron. That's only the start of an amazing array of possibilities! But more on that further down this page. Here's a list where I attempt to summarize the tetrahedron kite, compared to all other kites...
Despite the construction challenges, a small but dedicated band of people around the world enjoy making these kites from a range of modern materials.
A quick and cheap way to get into making kites is to use bamboo skewers and tape. One of the kite designs in the e-book up there on the right is a 4-cell tetrahedral, which only requires light winds to fly.
It's time to make all this a bit clearer! There is one group of configurations that is quite easy to grasp. Here's the idea, just do it in your head, or glue together some match-sticks if you're really keen!
Take 3 tetrahedrons and lay them on the table so their bases form one big triangle. Got it?
Now, add a fourth tetrahedron on top, so the corners of its base triangle touch the upper points of the first 3 tetrahedrons. Stand back a bit, and look. Well, it's just one big tetrahedron now! Just like that colorful tetrahedron kite in the photo up there.
What if you made 4 such big tetrahedrons, and plugged them together in exactly the same way... Yep, you've just created a 16 cell structure! And again, standing back a bit further this time, it just looks like one even bigger tetrahedron! Can you see where this is going...
Guess what happens when you make 4 of these 16-cell things and join them together. The result looks like that awesome creation in the photo at the top of this page! It's a 64-cell tetrahedron kite!
That little 'thought experiment' is not a set of instructions for building a kite, far from it. It's just a start to getting your head around the idea of making these kites. One day I might do a skewers-and-plastic version of a 16 cell design, with full instructions.
Have you caught the mathematical flavor of all this? Not surprisingly, this kind of cellular kite is used in many educational institutions to illustrate mathematical principles. Like what? Try geometry, measurement, angles, aerodynamics and some basic physics.
Here's a summary of the tetrahedron kite from single-cell to ermmm 256-cells, using the process just described...
Like to see what a tetrahedral looks like in flight? This is our MBK Skewer tetra in flight, a simple 4 cell design. Thanks to the lightness and strength of bamboo, it doesn't require a lot of wind to fly...
Besides all the flat designs in the e-book Making Skewer Kites, you will also find full step-by-step instructions for that tetra up there in the video.
Now, are you prepared to be really blown away by the possibilities? Just visit this page on tetrahedron kite variations. You could spend your whole life designing, building and flying these designs!
On the other hand, if you want to just start with a relatively simple and cheap tetrahedron kite... Make a 4-cell tetrahedral from straws, cellophane and a few other bits and pieces!
This page can't finish without at least a brief mention of Mr Bell and
his pioneering work with the tetrahedral concept. It was his idea, after
In the early 1900s, Bell's kites were part of a progression from large kite, to man-carrying towed glider, to man-carrying powered aircraft. Yes, an engine-powered, piloted version actually flew!
The first Bell tetrahedron kite, in 1905, was the Frost King which initially had 256 cells. Later, this was increased to 1300 which was sufficient to carry a man. The next separate design was the Cygnet I, which had no less than 3393 tetrahedral cells each measuring 25cm along each of the 4 spars.
Hey, that's quite close to the spar length of my smallest skewer kites! How about that.
The cells on the Cygnet were arranged like a giant beam - 52 x 12 x 12 cells. The overall span was 13 meters (42.5 feet). That's it in the photo over there on the right, courtesy of the AKA (American Kitefliers Association).
Later development, up to the Cygnet II and III, moved away from the tetrahedron kite and into the world of powered aircraft.
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"Love the easy to understand step by step instructions, made from next to nothing materials and above all so much fun to fly... cheers Tim for sharing your well thought out pdf kite designs with the whole world.
Very satisfying making your own and watching them get air-born for the first time."
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