If you've ever been up close to a parafoil, it's easy to see how it's
made. An upper surface, a lower surface, and a whole lot of dividers in
between. Typically, there are between 10 and 20 such dividers.
kite is made up of many cells, each one open at the front edge of the
kite. During flight, air rushes in and pumps up the kite to form an
efficient, hard-pulling wing.
Some of the cheapest kites use plastic, but any decent dual line
parafoil is constructed of rip-stop nylon or polyester. The stuff sailing spinnakers
are made from! Very strong for its weight, and tear-resistant.
A small rip will stop before going very far!
The exact designs vary somewhat from kite to kite, but in general...
The left upper under-side of the kite is attached to a number of quite
short bridle lines. These lines all come together to a thicker single
line, which in turn connects to the left flying line.
There is an identical mirror-image arrangement of bridle lines on
the right hand side of the kite. Thus, the 2 flying lines restrain the
kite. Pulling the left line causes the kite to loop left. Similarly,
pulling the right line causes the kite to loop right. The more you pull,
the tighter the turn, up to the limit of the kite's performance.
Lines And Handles
Beaches are great for stunt flying
Beaches are great for stunt flying
Anything that's strong enough will work, but the most popular line
materials are Dacron (a brand of polyester) and Dyneema (a special type
of polyethylene). Nylon is usable too, but it feels like you are flying
with rubber bands! Dacron is better, and is popular for single-line
kites too, where stretch doesn't matter at all.
Dyneema, which happens to be very low-stretch, is the ultimate
line material for multi-line kites. It is extremely strong for its
weight too. Hence, a set of Dyneema lines can be quite thin and still do
the job. Thin lines have less air resistance and let the kite move
faster through the air. Do you have the need for speed?
One little known fact... Apparently, Dyneema has a relatively low melting point. This means friction from lines of other materials can easily slice it through despite its high tensile strength at lower temperatures. Gulp. Don't tangle with other kites...
Moving on to handles. The pricier kites often come with a bar, as
opposed to 2 separate handles. This arrangement offers more comfortable
and precise flying, particularly with the larger kites. If the bar is
anchored by your body, that takes a lot of stress off your arms while
you fly. Wind surfers do this all the time.
Dual Line Pilots
Yes, if you fly a dual line parafoil kite, you are entitled to call yourself a pilot! Well, a kite-pilot to be more precise.
Age. Adults are stronger than young teens, who in turn are
stronger than even younger children. A person's strength and weight
determines how much kite pull they can safely handle. Although other
design factors can influence how hard a kite pulls in any given wind
speed, the main one is simply size. More sail area equals a
stronger pull on those flying lines. Hence, it pays to take notice of
the age ratings on dual line power kites. Also, be careful about taking
any big kite out in strong wind conditions!
Skill/experience. Amongst a group of pilots the same age,
those with superior kite-handling skills will be able to safely fly
somewhat bigger kites. They know how to position the kite to reduce the
pull when necessary. Not to mention when to give up and let go, or use
the de-power feature! But then, their superior knowledge would probably
lead them to not even attempt to fly in such conditions...
Have fun! Picture yourself on the sand, in a stiff smooth breeze...
(This kite looks like it has a couple of brake lines as well, but it's
essentially being flown as a dual line kite)
Up there in the video is a small foil being flown in strong wind. So strong it broke a spar on one of my fresh-wind kites!