Lift Forces On A Box Kite

by Des
(Ottawa, ON, Canada)

Q:

Can you explain how a box kite generates lift? I have trouble visualizing how it acts like a wing. It has a space in the middle that offers no resistance to the air flow.

I have read and think I understand your description of how a diamond shaped kite generates lift.

Thanks

A:

The key to understanding this is to consider the individual rectangular panels of the box kite cells. Each one, like a rectangular Korean fighter kite, is a 'wing' in its own right. Each one is held at an 'angle of attack' to the breeze, by the kite's bridle. So, you have 8 wings connected together, each of them subjected to the same forces as described for the Diamond kite example. Of course 'line tension' is a bit hard to compare, since the panels experience tension through the connections to the rest of the kite, rather than having individual bridle connections.

If you add up all these individual forces, they are equivalent to the same 4 forces described for the Diamond kite. Lift, Drag, Weight, Tension. The Box kite as a whole lifts a certain amount, drags at the air a certain amount, weighs a certain amount and pulls a certain amount of tension into the line.

A slightly simpler way of visualizing all those 'wings' is to consider each cell to have just 2 wings. A lower one, with 45 degree dihedral. Plus an upper one, with 45 degrees of anhedral. The 4 forces on each of the 4 wings would add to the same overall Lift, Drag, Weight and Tension.

A bit wordy, but I hope that helps!

Comments for Lift Forces On A Box Kite

Click here to add your own comments

Oct 12, 2011
Forces On A Box Kite
by: Des

Thank you. The last paragraph was most helpful.

Click here to add your own comments

Join in and write your own page! It's easy to do. How? Simply click here to return to About Kites.




E-book special of the month...


I've been making and flying traditional-style
Box Kites on-and-off ever since this site was started...

Get the e-book for making a range of bamboo or dowel designs. Down to $7 from the usual $9.95, for this month.

With a large range of wind speeds covered, not to mention a large choice of kite size to attempt, the ideal box kite for you has to be in there somewhere!

My personal favorite would have to be the giant 2.4m (8ft) long Multi-Dowel Box which flies steep and steady. It's on the e-book cover over there...

The e-book is a PDF file - which means printable instructions to refer to while you make the kite. It also means convenient off-line access if that suits you better.



What's New!

  1. The Eddy Kite

    Sep 28, 16 07:00 AM

    A previously published page covering the historical Eddy design - a large tail-less Diamond. Illustrated with our own Dowel Diamond, also tail-less, which is based on the Eddy concept...

    Read More









 


E-books


Kite-making e-book: Simplest Dowel Kites

This one's FREE
Download it now!



More E-books...





Testimonials
(unedited)

"Love the easy to understand step by step instructions, made from next to nothing materials and above all so much fun to fly... cheers Tim for sharing your well thought out pdf kite designs with the whole world.

Very satisfying making your own and watching them get air-born for the first time."

_________________

"I've just bought your super e-book and spent most of last night pouring through all the great stuff in it!

Very detailed and USEFUL information - thanks for such a great book."

_________________

"30+ years ago, I tried making a kite using the 'instructions' in a free kite-safety booklet. What a disappointment for a young boy.

 Your instructions and methods are wonderful. You help the builder to focus on accuracy, without making it hard. Also, you use materials that are durable, yet cheap!"

_________________

"omg i made a kite from this site and i fly it ....... booom i didnt expect this bc in the other sites instuction are trash

thank you"




Kite-making e-book: Simplest Dowel Kites

This one's FREE
Download it now!



More E-books...





Wind Speeds


Light air
1-5 km/h
1-3 mph
1-3 knots
Beaufort 1

Light breeze
6–11 km/h
4–7 mph
4–6 knots
Beaufort 2    

Gentle breeze
12–19 km/h
8–12 mph
7–10 knots
Beaufort 3    

Moderate breeze
20–28 km/h
13–18 mph
11–16 knots
Beaufort 4    

Fresh breeze
29–38 km/h
19–24 mph
17–21 knots
Beaufort 5    

Strong breeze
39–49 km/h
25–31 mph
22–27 knots
Beaufort 6

High Wind
50-61 km/h
32-38 mph
28-33 knots
Beaufort 7